Podcasting Resources January 9, 2009Posted by Lee Cherry in 1.
Tags: experiment, new media, podcast, tutorial, universal design, video
A lengthy overview and resources available for creating and setting up a Podcast; which is a bit or trial-and-error as well as a subtle artistic endeavor. This is a running document for students taking Universal by Design (iTunes Link) through The Center for Universal Design at NC State University, College of Design.
Audio and Video Capture
Get good audio.
- Garbage in = Garbage out… Cleaning up scratchy, muffled, inaudible audio is next to impossible.
- Use an external microphone if you can (even better, wireless lavaliere)
Otherwise — make sure the camera is close to the subject speaking.
- Pay close attention to background noise that may interfere with dialogue.
- Bring a pair of headphones so you can sample the incoming audio signal from the camera microphone output
- Shoot in standard definition when possible
– Although some video services are accepting HD footage the majority of what you will be producing will be just as visually compelling online
- Sometimes smaller is better (camera size)
- Tape is cheap. Time and opportunity are not.
– If you’re using SD or Hard Drive based cameras be sure to allocate tape sessions appropriately so you don’t run out of drive space during a shoot
- Tape provides an instant archive – swap, label, shoot, repeat.
- Don’t store projects on IT lab machines.
– Purchase a good external Firewire or USB2.0 hard drive, 500GB minimum
- Use a tripod to avoid the Blair Witch/Cloverfield look
– unless you are going for that sort of visual style
- Pretend that the zoom lens was never invented
– you can get better footage if you cover a wide shot and then a close up without awkward zooming
- Shoot cover footage (ambient)
- Trust your eyes over auto-focus.
- Pay attention to lighting (color, amount)
– check your camera settings for indoor vs outdoor lighting settings it can make a big difference to skin tone and environmental colors
- Don’t point directly at a light source.
Plan in advance.
- Outline visually (storyboard). Don’t worry if you can’t draw. Keep it simple.
- Script as much as you can. It will help you structure time.
- Do as much as you can in one shoot at a location. Don’t plan on coming back.
- Talk with your talent. Be clear on what needs to be covered.
- Get release forms signed
– Sample NC State University Release form:
Adult Release Authorization Form, Child/Minor Release Authorization Form
- Quicktime Pro – lets you cut and paste video, crude editing
- iMovie – simple and fast. rudimentary audio editing/control
- Final Cut – more precise edits, layers for video and audio
- Premiere – essentially the same, but for Windows
- Audacity – free audio editing from Sourceforge
- Super MP3 Recorder – great audio capture on the MS Windows platform
- Apple Quicktime PRO ($29.99)
- Flip Video (inexpensive portable digital video camera, $129-$229)
- Audacity (Mac/Windows, FREE)
- Super MP3 Recorder (Windows, shareware/$29.95)
Creating Audio Podcasts:
Engadget PodCast 101
Output File Types
- Flash (FLV)
– widely supported, a little more difficult to utilize
– use Dreamweaver to handle putting content in a page or publish a Flash SWF w/HTML file
– you can utilize many WordPress Plug-ins to play them directly on a page for your blog
- MPEG-4 (MPG, MP4)
– plays with Quicktime for Windows and Mac, can play back on iPods and other media players
- Windows media (WMV)
– Players for Windows and Mac. About the same quality as MPEG-4
Export Tools For Video Formats
- Flash Media Encoder
- Quicktime Pro
- Windows Media Encoder
- MPEGStreamclip (www.squared5.com)
- Handbrake (http://handbrake.fr)
- SuperC (www.erightdeal.com/GetFile.php?SUPERsetup.exe)
What Size Should The Video Be?
- 640×480 – close to standard television size (non-HD)
- 480×320 – smaller frame size for web delivery
- 320×240 – do we really want something this small?
Captioning Video Content
- Embedded Quicktime Captions
- Embedded MPEG-4 Captions (similar to QT)
- SAMI/SMIL Support (harder to implement)
- SubRip/Subviewer Support with YouTube
- Hi Caption
- Mov Captioner
- Subtitle Workshop
- Annotation Edit
For a break demo of captioning process:
Podcasting at NC State Campus
Equipment Resources for Checkout at NC State Campus
How Can I Distribute My Audio/Video Podcast?
- Web Page (simple linking to the source file)
– Be sure to utilize your ASF Web space. Every student has access to webspace that is shared between AFS storage and email. Read more about getting your website setup at ITD.NCSU
- YouTube, Vimeo, flickr and other online video services
- Clipshare (College of Education is offering hosting services for videos through their ClipShare services)
- Podcast through iTunes (iTunes, iTunes University, podcast.ncsu.edu)
Video Services for Blogs and Podcasts:
Software Services for Podcast to iTunes: